Automobiles are wheeled motor vehicles that are used for transportation. They are powered by engines and usually seat one to eight people. Their main function is transportation, and they’re often classified as either passenger or freight vehicles. There are several different types of cars. Each type has a different definition, but most define cars as four-wheeled vehicles that run on roads.
Automobilization is a process that has transformed the way we move around. Its benefits are numerous, but it has also come with risks. The decision-making processes that once aimed at solving problems in transportation have become problems in themselves. These risks are determined by the worldview of the actors involved. Each actor responds to these risks in a different way.
Changes in American society
The automobile revolution changed American society in a number of ways. The use of the automobile gave women more freedom and mobility. In 1919, there were only 6.7 million cars on American roads. By 1929, there were 27 million. One out of every five households owned a car. In addition, the automobile provided an indispensable link for working fathers to commute to city jobs.
Changes in the automotive industry
The automotive industry changed a lot during the 20th century, largely due to technological innovations. Changes included the new look of automobiles, the use of fiberglass bodies, and the rise of higher compression ratio fuels. Other changes included the increasing interest of consumers in fuel-efficient vehicles. Many new laws and regulations governing safety and the environment also affected the industry. Manufacturers had to respond to these changes by adopting new production practices. Some of these included the introduction of front seat belts and heating and ventilation equipment.
Impact on animals
The impact of automobiles on wildlife is a significant concern around the world. In fact, collisions between automobiles and animals cause more than 8 billion dollars in damage every year and cause the deaths of thousands of animals. Despite this problem, animal welfare groups and consumer groups have stepped up to demand that auto manufacturers change the way they conduct safety tests.
Impact on plants
Automobiles emit various pollutants such as nitrous oxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, carbon monoxides, and particulate matter. Exposure to these pollutants can affect plants negatively. Scientists have observed foliar injury and chlorosis in leaves. They have also observed stunted growth and changes in gas exchange in plants.
Future of automobiles
The automotive industry is undergoing a disruptive transformation, with customers demanding more, rules and regulations becoming more stringent, and competition growing stronger than ever. Many companies are focusing on creating autonomous vehicles, which will deliver a multitude of benefits. However, to realize this vision, new technologies and approaches are required. Car manufacturers and suppliers are being forced to re-examine traditional resources and development techniques, including conventional fuels.