The impacts of gambling are multifaceted, manifesting on different levels, such as individual, interpersonal, and societal. On a personal level, impacts include changes in financial situation and increased or decreased productivity. On a societal level, impacts include changes in infrastructure costs, tourism, and job gains and losses. On a personal level, gambling can affect the quality of life and physical health.
Positive effects of gambling
Gambling is an activity that can have both positive and negative effects on a person’s health. Some people believe that gambling is a healthy activity, while others disagree. Some studies suggest that gambling can improve a person’s overall health and reduce stress. Other studies suggest that gambling can also improve a person’s social status. However, it is important to note that gambling should be done in moderation and under the supervision of a physician.
The media has contributed to the negative perception of gambling, especially when it involves substance abuse. Many TV shows and movies focus on the problems that result from addiction to gambling. However, research shows that only 5% of people who gamble develop addictive behaviors. And only 2% of problem gamblers develop a conduct disorder.
Impacts of legalized gambling on communities
The effects of legalized gambling can be both positive and negative. A study in Iowa found an increase in lifetime probable pathological gamblers in the state. This rate increased by 14.5 percent in communities near casinos. The impact on traditional businesses is also significant, as it means an increase in personnel costs and declining productivity. Moreover, these businesses will have a harder time competing for the gambling dollars of residents and businesses.
While legalized gambling may benefit a select market segment, it does not necessarily benefit local economies. It can have a detrimental effect on educational programs and public services. Furthermore, new businesses don’t generally locate in areas with legalized gambling. Thus, these communities face additional pressures when trying to start a new business.
Treatment options for problem gamblers
There are a number of treatment options available for problem gamblers. The most effective is individual counseling. Other options include step-based programs and peer-support groups. None of these methods, however, have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of pathological gambling. One disadvantage to these methods is that problem gamblers often refuse to tell the help-line counselors their names or admit that they are addicted to gambling.
Cognitive behavioral therapy addresses the repetitive negative behaviors a gambler may engage in. This treatment also aims to develop healthy coping mechanisms to prevent relapse. The use of antidepressants may also be beneficial. Problem gamblers can also find help from substance abuse support groups, such as Gambler’s Anonymous.